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By Richard Evans

The nation of Pergamum emerged from the nice interval of instability which the loss of life of Alexander the nice. Over the following century Pergamum used to be to turn into one of many wealthiest states within the jap Mediterranean. The nation of Pergamum was once integrated into the Roman Empire among 133/129 BCE and it will definitely turned Rome's wealthiest province. the entire of Asia Minor suffered within the civil wars which ended the Roman Republic, and Pergamum didn't get away the exactions demanded of the Greek towns by way of Pompey, Caesar and Antony. within the next peace, ushered in by way of Augustus, Pergamum regained its prosperity and have become one of many cultural centres of the Roman Empire. Its ruling dynasty - the Attalids - have been buyers of the humanities and whereas in strength have been answerable for the amazing embellishment in their capital at Pergamum. different extra historic towns similar to Ephesus and Miletus additionally benefited from their govt. This quantity surveys Pergamum's heritage from the overdue 3rd Century BCE to the second one Century CE.

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Additional resources for A History of Pergamum: Beyond Hellenistic Kingship

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Those [cities] which had been supporters of Antiochus or had paid tribute to Attalus were required to pay taxes to Eumenes. Eumenes The Ally of Rome 35 received in addition the following lands: Lysimacheia and the Chersonese and the towns, villages and territories which Antiochus had possessed. In Asia Eumenes received the two regions named Phrygia, the one adjacent to the Hellespont, the other named ‘Greater Phrygia’. Also restored to Eumenes were the regions of Mysia, which had been taken from him by Prusias of Bithynia, Lycaonia, Milyas and Lydia; and in particular the cities of Tralles, Ephesus and Telmessos.

By this time (late autumn 190) the Romans were at Elaia and although they could surely have moved on and occupied Ephesus, still held for Antiochus by Polyxenidas, they chose to ignore the Ionian coast and head inland instead. The arrival of a Roman army outside Pergamum may well have been a welcome sight to its inhabitants, until recently highly intimidated by the sight and presence of Seleucid forces outside their walls, and Antiochus’ main army numbering at least 50,000 was now again encamped no more than fifty miles away.

His activities illustrate that he intended not only to extend his territory but also aimed to display his ability and hence his position as a realistic contender for sole power in the kingdom. As such, he campaigned in southern Asia Minor against Selge in Pisidia and, having brought this area under his control, he set his sights on Pergamum. Attalus, in preparation for this new bout of warfare, set out to win over allies. It is where he is said to have visited in person that is of interest. Polybius says that he went initially to Aeolia, where the towns in this region mostly became allies – some from previous arrangements, others from fear of Achaeaus, and still others through force.

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