By Dhunbijoy Jamsetjee Medhora
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These come from five locations, including The Earlier Neolithic I A I 1-5 Leaf-shaped Arrowheads | ^ | Over 5 Leaf-shaped Arrowheads | • | Long Barrow | (8) | U Ditched Long Barrow | ' "] Clay with Flints I I Reading Beds H kilometres Fig. 4 The distribution of Earlier Neolithicflintworkand monuments in the study area 33 THE EARLIER NEOLITHIC Distribution of Leaf-shaped Arrowheads, etc in Bournemouth Area I • | 1-5 Leaf-shaped Arrowheads Alluvium | # | 6-10 Leaf-shaped Arrowheads Gravel | ^ I 11-25 Leaf-shaped Arrowheads Clay I ^ I Long Barrow (Holdenhurst) Sand I A I Hembury Ware Chalk and Limestone kilometres Fig.
This could have taken place during the interval between the use of the downland by hunter-gatherers and its re-use in the Neolithic period. 4 The Earlier Neolithic: the evidence of domestic activity The monuments of the downland have played such a prominent part in the development of Neolithic studies that it is worth reminding ourselves how few of them can be dated to the early part of this period. There is little archaeological material of any kind between 4000 be and 3300 be, but in southern England developments on the higher ground seem to be even longer retarded.
At the same time, the first evidence for contrasts between the chalk and the clay with flints appears in the Middle Bronze Age, although faunal samples of earlier date were not available from the latter area. That contrast gains added definition in the Iron Age, with a greater representation of deer and pig on the clay with flints site at Woodcutts and a much higher proportion of sheep on two sites on the Upper Chalk. These observations are enough to suggest that the character of the chalkland may have changed by the first millennium be.