This publication is designed to supply actual and authoritative details for the layout and specification of plumbing platforms. It includes 12 chapters together with such issues as sanitary drainage structures, gray-water structures, vents and venting, family water-heating structures, fuel-gas piping structures, vacuum structures, and extra. this significant reference will gain engineers, plumbing method designers, architects, plant engineers, inspectors, journeymen, scholars, contractors, and developers.
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Additional info for ASPE Data Book - A Plumbing Engineer's Guide to System Design and Specifications, Volume 2 - Plumbing Systems
Coagulation assists in building up the solid filtration and adds phosphates to the list. Chlorination is signifi- ASPE Data Book - Volume 2 28 Screen Flow Biological Filtration Biological Coagula- - Equaliza- - Treatment - DisinfecReclaimed tion -Water Tank - DisinfecReclaimed tion -Water Tank - DisinfecReclaimed tion -Water Tank - Reclaimed -Water Tank - Reclaimed -Water Tank - Membrane Filter DisinfecReclaimed tion -Water Tank - Membrane Filter DisinfecReclaimed tion -Water Tank - Membrane DisinfecReclaimed tion -Water Tank - tion Screen Flow - Equaliza- - Treatment - tion Sedimen- - tation - Filtration 1 tion Screen Flow - Equalization Screen Biological Biological Biological Biological - Treatment - Filter Flow - Equaliza- - Treatment - Filter tion Screen Sedimen- - Filtration Coagula- - tation - tation - tion Flow Sedimen- Disinfec- Filtration - tion Membrane Filter - Equaliza- Activated - Carbon tion Screen Flow Coagula- - Equaliza- - tion tion Screen Flow Sedimen- tation Biological - Equaliza- - Treatment tion Screen Flow Biological Coagula- - Equaliza- - Treatment - tion tion Sedimen- - tation - Filter Disinfec- - tion Figure 2-3 Water Treatment Systems: (A) Types of Gray-Water Treatment System; (B) Types of Black-Water Treatment System Table 2-5 Gray-Water Treatment Processes for Normal Process Efficiency Process Filtration Coagulation / filtration Chlorination Tertiary treatment Absorphan (carbon filtration) Suspended Solids 80 90 0 95 0 Biological Oxygen Demand Chemical Oxygen Demand Phosphates, PO-4 40 35 40 2oa 910 70 0 85 0 15-60 0 50 20a 95 60-80 a Nominal, additional removals possible with super chlorination and extended contact time.
JOINING METHODS Drain and cleanout outlets are manufactured in four basic types: 1. Inside caulk. In this arrangement, the pipe extends up into the drain body and oakum is packed around the pipe tightly against the inside of the outlet. Molten lead is then poured into this ring and later stamped or caulked to correct for lead shrinkage. Current installation methods use a flexible gasket for a caulking material. See Figure 1-7. 2. Spigot outlet. This type utilizes the caulking method as outlined above, except that the spigot outlet is caulked into the hub or bell of the downstream pipe or fitting.
The piping network distributes it to sources not used for human consumption in a safe and distinctive manner. Figure 2-1 shows flow charts for a conventional plumbing system and a recycled water system. In the recycled-water flow system, the gray water and black water sources are clearly defined. The use of the gray-water system is also defined, namely, for all nonpotable water systems, cooling-tower water requirements, and the irrigation system. Figure 2-2(A) shows single-line diagrams of a gray-water plumbing system to bathtubs and lavatories and a recycled, gray-water system with a gray-water treatment plant from bathtubs, lavatories, and water closets.