By Malte Rosemeyer
Even though usage-based linguistics emphasises the necessity for stories of language swap to take frequency results into consideration, there's a loss of learn that attempts to systematically version frequency results and their relation to diffusion techniques in language swap. This monograph deals a diachronic examine of the switch in Spanish excellent auxiliary choice among previous and Early sleek Spanish that ended in the sluggish alternative of the auxiliary ser ‘be’ with the auxiliary haber ‘have’. It analyses this strategy by way of the interplay among gradience, gradualness, and the maintaining results of frequency and endurance in language switch. The examine contributes to the idea and method of diachronic linguistics, also supplying insights on easy methods to clarify synchronic grammatical version either inside a language and among languages. The e-book is of curiosity to the fields of Spanish and Romance linguistics, syntax, in addition to old and variationist linguistics.
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Additional info for Auxiliary Selection in Spanish: Gradience, gradualness, and conservation
Dowty proposes that all semantic roles of the subject can be classified as pertaining to one of two proto-roles: the “Agent Proto-Role” and the “Patient Proto-Role”. 5, each role has a specific set of semantic entailments. 5 Semantic entailments for Agent and Patient Proto-Roles (adapted from Dowty 1991: 572) Contributing properties for the Agent Proto-Role Contributing properties for the Patient Proto-Role a. volitional involvement in the event or state b. (exists independently of the event named by the verb) a.
In the two left rows of the table, the auxiliary selection behaviour of each verb class (bound to typical predicate classes) in French and Italian is specified. The table suggests that variation in auxiliary selection is greatest with regard to verb classes (where “HAVE” or “BE” is marked by an asterix) in the middle of the hierarchy. This applies especially to verbs that describe the “existence of a state” or the “continuation of a pre-existing state”. In this set of verb classes, auxiliary selection varies between French and Italian; while HAVE is preferred as the auxiliary in French, BE is preferred in Italian.
Likewise, the verb quedar . Many of the verbs are polysemous. The English translations in the brackets only give the dominant interpretation of the verb that fits best to the verb class selected by Benzing. The verbs are given in Modern Spanish orthography. Auxiliary Selection in Spanish ‘stay’ expressing the prolongation of a pre-existing state is usually auxiliated with haber, yet at times appears in the ser + PtcP construction, as in (19). much women of altos omnes ouo en greçia. pl ‘So he went about subverting all of the women of noble men that there were in Greece, and also some who had stayed in Greece, so that all of the noble women of Greece rose against their husbands with some of those who had stayed in the country’ [SUM, 149] Chapter 2.