By Alexander Fantalkin, Assaf Yasur-Landau
This choice of twelve papers, devoted to Professor Israel Finkelstein, offers with quite a few features about the archaeology of Israel and the Levant in the course of the Bronze and Iron a long time. even supposing the world less than dialogue runs from southeastern Turkey (Alalakh) all the way down to the arid zones of the Negev wasteland, the most emphasis is at the Land of Israel. This assortment offers the latest overview of a couple of thorny matters in Israeli archaeology throughout the Bronze and Iron a while and particularly addresses chronology, kingdom formation, id, and company. It bargains, inter alia, a clean examine the burial practices and iconography of the sessions mentioned, in addition to a re-examination of the subsistence economic system and cost styles. This ebook is finely illustrated with greater than sixty unique drawings.
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Extra info for Bene Israel: Studies in the Archaeology of Israel and the Levant During the Bronze and Iron Ages in Honour of Israel Finkelstein (Culture and History of the Ancient Near East)
13 According to Halpern, the emergence of the monotheistic urban elite, which gained ascendancy in Judah under Kings Hezekiah, Manasseh, and Josiah, is reflected inter alia in Israelite burial customs. 14 I agree with Halpern’s suggestion that 8th–7th-century Judahite bench tombs mainly reflect newly created urban elites; however, his suggestion regarding the change in burial practices in the 7th century BCE lacks evidence in the archaeological record. Firstly, it is virtually impossible to differentiate typologically between Iron Age burial caves of the 8th For the general acceptance that rock-cut tombs probably reflect the higher classes, see De Vaux 1965: 58; Spronk 1986: 239; Bloch-Smith 1992a: 149; Kletter 2002: 38.
Vienna: 29–42. Broshi, M. and Gophna, R. 1986. Middle Bronze Age II Palestine: Its Settlements and Population. BASOR 261: 73–90. Bunimovitz, S. 1992. The Middle Bronze Age Fortifications in Palestine as a Social Phenomenon. Tel Aviv 19: 221–234. Chapman, R. and Randsborg, K. 1981. Approaches to the Archaeology of Death. , eds. The Archaeology of Death (New Directions in Archaeology). Cambridge: 1–24. Cohen, S. L. 2002. Canaanites, Chronologies, and Connections: The Relationship of Middle Bronze Age IIA Canaan to Middle Kingdom Egypt.
Bunimovitz and Lederman argue that this may indicate that the emergence of governmental organization in Judah took place much earlier than the 8th century BCE (2001: 145; cf. Finkelstein 2002a). Pushing their evidence still further, one might suggest that the early appearance of rock-cut bench tombs in the Shephelah is in line with the assumption that the earliest traces of statehood, including growing social inequality, will be particularly visible at the borders. It seems, however, that applying the “border approach” to Iron Age IIA Judah would be avoiding the real question.