Download Cambridge Ancient History: The Assyrian and Babylonian by John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, E. Sollberger, N. G. L. PDF

By John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, E. Sollberger, N. G. L. Hammond

In this interval the dominant powers within the East have been Assyria after which Babylonia. every one proven an in depth empire that used to be according to Mesopotamia, and every in flip fell principally via inner strife.

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Additional resources for Cambridge Ancient History: The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and Other States of the Near East, from the Eighth to the Sixth Centuries BC

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Effective p o w e r in b o t h A s s y r i a and B a b y l o n i a w a s s e g m e n t e d a m o n g w e a k m o n a r c h s , quasi-independent g o v e r n o r s , and a g g r e s s i v e tribal g r o u p s . T h e p o p u l a t i o n o f A s s y r i a had suffered from t w o severe o u t b r e a k s o f p l a g u e in the p r e c e d i n g fifteen y e a r s . East o f the T i g r i s , the b o r d e r l a n d b e t w e e n the t w o c o u n t r i e s , m o s t o f w h i c h had been taken o v e r b y A s s y r i a in c a m p a i g n s in the late ninth c e n t u r y , had g r a d u a l l y fallen a w a y from A s s y r i a n c o n t r o l a n d had resisted A s s y r i a n attempts t o retake i t .

66. 1 2 9 A 344, 32—62. 1 3 0 Examples: A ; o n . 146. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 BACKGROUND l 9 131 Sippar. B u t , in g e n e r a l , Elamite—Babylonian relations w e r e c o r d i a l and n o t just b e t w e e n the tribal p o p u l a t i o n s and the E l a m i t e s ; there w e r e also direct contacts b e t w e e n the older, urban inhabitants - especially the family o f G a k h a l - and E l a m . E l a m w a s intimately i n v o l v e d in the political fate o f B a b y l o n i a , especially in the three-quarters o f a c e n t u r y b e t w e e n 720 and 6 4 6 ; and E l a m i t e s u p p o r t o r lack t h e r e o f w a s often decisive in d e t e r m i n i n g the political strength o f such a n t i - A s s y r i a n m o v e m e n t s as the C h a l d a e a n resistance ( 7 2 1 - 6 8 9 ) and the G r e a t R e b e l ­ lion (652—648).

T h i s p o l i c y o n o c c a s i o n led t o E l a m i t e i n v a s i o n s o f southern M e s o p o t a m i a w h e n t h e B a b y l o n i a n t h r o n e w a s o c c u p i e d b y an A s s y r i a n m o n a r c h , and s u c h incursions o c c a s i o n a l l y resulted i n the harsh t r e a t m e n t o f B a b y l o n i a n cities such as 1 1 9 120 121 1 2 2 123 1 2 4 1 2 5 1 2 6 1 2 7 128 129 1 3 0 1 1 9 1 2 1 1 2 0 Discussion: A 5 5 1 , 29 n. 135. Discussion: A 5 5 1 , 29 n. 136. Note particularly the battles of Der (720), Cuthaand Kish (703), and Khalule (691).

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