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By Milja Kurki

Global political techniques, reminiscent of wars and globalisation, are engendered through complicated units of motives and prerequisites. even if the belief of causation is key to the sphere of diplomacy, what the idea that of reason skill or involves has remained an unresolved and contested subject. In fresh a long time ferocious debates have surrounded the assumption of causal research, a few students even wondering the legitimacy of using the thought of reason within the examine of diplomacy. This e-book means that underlying the debates on causation within the box of diplomacy is a collection of complicated assumptions (deterministic, mechanistic and empiricist) and that we must always reclaim causal research from the dominant discourse of causation. Milja Kurki argues that reinterpreting the which means, goals and techniques of social clinical causal research opens up multi-causal and methodologically pluralist avenues for destiny diplomacy scholarship.

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This would entail an inquiry into the sociology of knowledge of those centuries. Although an exploration of the complex history of empiricism and positivism would be an interesting task and would involve interesting questions about the interconnections between these traditions of thought and the rise of currents of thought such as liberalism, it is too much to take on here. Hence, here the rise of Humeanism is but documented in key philosophical writings. This kind of literary examination suffices to give us an indication of the way in which the Humean solution to the problem of causation has become the ‘benchmark’ that all causal accounts, including the non-Humean accounts that the second part of the book examines and draws on, have had to grapple with.

Part II seeks to move beyond Humeanism in IR by exploring possibilities for reconceptualising the notion of cause. Chapter 5 examines two philosophies of causation that have sought to challenge Humeanism – pragmatism and philosophical realism – and points to IR theorists who have sought to draw on these approaches. Chapter 6, then, Introduction: causation and the divided discipline 19 aims to build an alternative to Humeanism, a deeper and broader reconceptualisation of the notion of cause. Subsequently Part III examines the consequences of rethinking causation in IR.

77 In contrast to Kant’s attempts to give a role to a priori faculties of the mind in justifying the category of causality, J. S. Mill continued the bold English tradition of empiricism. For Mill, all human reasoning was based on experience. 78 Mill’s account of cause is fundamentally Humean in that the inductive logic takes causal knowledge to be co-extensive with regularities of observables. However, Mill also extended Humean arguments in a new direction. He defines causes not just in terms of the classic Humean logic, but also in terms of ‘consequents’ and ‘antecedents’: ‘every consequent is connected .

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