Download Chemical Signals: Vertebrates and Aquatic Invertebrates by D. Michael Stoddart (auth.), Dietland Müller-Schwarze, PDF

By D. Michael Stoddart (auth.), Dietland Müller-Schwarze, Robert M. Silverstein (eds.)

Research on chemical communique in animals is in a really lively and interesting part; extra species are studied, information are amassing, thoughts are altering, and functional software turns out possible. whereas many of the paintings on chemical ecology and chemical sig­ nals offers with bugs, vertebrate communique offers a powerful problem and growth has been gradual. Joint efforts and common direct contacts of ecologists, behaviorists, psychologists, physiologists, histologists and chemists are required. Such an interdisciplinary alternate of knowledge happened at the party of the Symposium on Chemical signs in Vertebrates and Aquatic Animals in Syracuse, big apple, from could 31 to June 2, 1979. multiple hundred investigators from seven nations participated, and the papers provided contain this quantity. because the first Symposium on Vertebrate Chemical indications at Saratoga Springs in 1976, substantial development has been made with box stories, the body structure of the vomeronasal organ, and its function in reproductive habit. The behavioral capabilities and chemi­ cal nature of priming pheromones are larger understood. Efforts to isolate and determine mammalian pheromones are gaining flooring, and the bioassays have gotten extra refined. as well as formal displays, one night of the Symposi­ um used to be dedicated to round-table discussions of specific issues. the chosen subject matters point out the "growing issues" of chemical communi­ cation study: priming pheromones, vomeronasal organ, bioassay, and functional applications.

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T. Snowdon. 1972. Demonstration and analysis of an alarm pheromone in mice. J. Compo Physio1. Psycho1. 81, 483-490. W. 1974. Demonstration of the hamster alarm pheromone. Diss. Abstract Int. B. Science and Eng. 34 (8) 3656 (Feb. 74). R. 1967. An alarm reaction of aquatic gastropods to intraspecific extract. Cornell Univ. Agric. Exp. Station Memorandum 403. Snyder, N. and Snyder, H. 1970. Alarm response of Diadema antillarum. Science 168, 276-278. A. A. Gerzog-Thomas. 1977. Fright reactions in rats to conspecific tissue.

Beh. Soc. Meeting Penn. State Univ. University Park, Pennsylvania. MUller-Velten, H. 1966. ). Z. Vergl. Physiol. 52, 401-429. Pfeiffer, W. 1967. Schreckreaktion and Schreckstoffze1len bei Ostariophysi and Gonorhynchiformes. Z. Verg1. Physio1. 56, 380-396. Pfeiffer, W. 1974. Pheromones in fish and amphibia. Pheromones. C. , Amsterdam; North Holland Pub1. , 269-296. CHEMICAL SIGNALS IN ALARM BEHAVIOR OF DEER 51 Pfeiffer, W. 1978. Heterocyclic compounds as releasers of the fright reaction in the giant danie, Danio malabaricus (Jerdon) (Cyprinidae, Ostariophysi, Pisces).

This indicates that chemical alarm signals from the metatarsal gland are more highly evolved in the black-tailed deer (and in its sibling subspecies, the mule deer, o. h. hemionus), than in white-tailed deer. 42 Figure 1. D. MULLER-SCHWARZE Odor delivery apparatus. Compressed air in tank serves as propellant. To the left of the gauges are two flow meters for two different air streams. Each stream runs through 15 m tubing. Charcoal filter is located between tubing and odor container. Odor container has two valves that are opened by air stream.

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