By Elliott Converse, Air University Press, Dennis M. Drew
In December 1942, slightly a yr after the us had entered international warfare II, the yankee army institution used to be already making plans a postwar abroad base community. even supposing at the start designed to help a global police strength, the plans more and more assumed a countrywide personality because the Grand Alliance dissolved into the confrontations of the chilly struggle. Dr. communicate not just illustrates how military, military, and Air strength planners went approximately their paintings but additionally analyzes the various elements influencing the character, volume, and placement of the projected base approach. those integrated necessities for postwar US actual and financial protection, quickly altering know-how, interservice rivalries, civil-military conflicts, and reactions by way of different international locations to the possibility of yankee bases close to or on their soil.
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Additional resources for Circling the Earth: United States Plans for a Postwar Overseas Military Base System, 1942-1948
American rights in this area were to be on a participating or reciprocal basis. The combination of the blue and green perimeters was a near twin to the proposals made by the AAF. What had been done in effect was to separate those places where an American claim to exclusive rights would go unchallenged from those demanding respect for the sovereignty of another nation. The blue and green separation seems to signify the military’s awareness of the sensitive problem pointed out by Lovett and its response to the rebuke given the General Board by Roosevelt.
76 After this promising start the subcommittee’s ideas quite often ran into military resistance. In July 1943, the JCS rejected a subcommittee proposal to create a “United Nations Airport Authority,” which was clearly a scheme to protect American interests in air facilities built or financed by the United States abroad for war purposes. The United Nations Airport Authority was to be run by the Combined (American and British) Chiefs of Staff for the rest of the war and then be turned over to civilian administrators once the war ended.
54 At the end of July, the General Board submitted a letter covering postwar air routes from the Panama Canal and South America to New Zealand and Australia. 55 Roosevelt was not happy with the General Board’s report. He disagreed with the board’s assumption that 2,100 miles was the longest stretch that could be flown with any significant payload and reminded the naval officers of the tremendous advances likely for aviation in the foreseeable future. He did not want the planned expedition’s civilian experts to be hampered by such unrealistic restrictions, nor did he desire that much effort be spent in surveying the route far to the south.