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Additional info for Contemporary Shi'ism as Political Ideology: the views of Sharî'atmadârî, Ṭâliqâni, and Khumaynî

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Chapter Six deals with "The Economie Problems Caused by Money". This is a consideration of the effects of interest (usury) on the developrnent of capitalism and on the exploitation of the labourer. Islam forbids both hoarding and usury and encourages trade which has the effect of promoting the distribution of the wealth of society to ail of its levels. ,,35 The most important chapter of this work is the seventh - "The Distinctions and Characteristies of Islamic Economies". It reviews the arguments put forward in the earlier parts of the book and th en closes in on its specifie concerns.

Esposito (New York: Oxford UniversitYPTess, 1983), 164. 20 27 peaceful prote st and was attempting to pressure the government to reform itself. 21 Sharî'atmadârî remained the most significant of the revolutionary leaders working within Iran until the return of Khumaynî in early 1979. lpects at Sharî'atmadârî's house. 22 Shortly thereafter the revolutÎon outstripped the moderate ideas of Sharî'atmadârî, and Khumaynî became supreme leader. During 1978, Sharî'atmadârî did not cali for the removal of the Monarchy.

Y. Richard, "Contemporary Shi'i Thought," in Roofs of Revolution: An Interpretive History of Modern Iran, ed. N. Keddie (New Haven: Yale University 15 Press, 1981), 211. , III 47 that the true goal of humanity lay beyond these concepts. 16 The arguments put forth contend that man liberates himself from slavery, and can submit himself to God, through the struggle against this form of idolatry. This liberation occurs because for Tâliqânî there are four leveb of legitimate government within Islam and man must cast off dictatorship in order to advance to this system.

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