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By Andrew Gross

This ebook argues that Aramaic scribes from antiquity drew upon a standard felony culture. It identifies the special components that shape the center of this custom and lines their antecedents in the cuneiform list.

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Continuity and Innovation in the Aramaic Legal Tradition

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Others refer to it as the kyrieia clause, using the Greek term kurieiva that corresponds to Aramaic ‫ שליט‬in later Greek versions of the investiture clause. For more on the history of this clause, see Chapter Three below. INTRODUCTION 25 parallels in some of the so-called “provincial” cuneiform legal traditions. The investiture clause parallels the completion clauses in that they both definitively mark the conclusion and successful completion of the transaction. 89 These clauses, however, are also subtly different.

For editions of all Palmyrene inscriptions known as of 1996, see Hillers and Cussini 1996. For inscriptions that surfaced after 1996, see Cussini 2002. 69 For a study of this evidence, see Gulak 1994. 70 Groner 1985. 71 For an edtion of Hai Gaon’s book of formularies, see Assaf 1930. , for slaves, houses, and fields). Like P. Dura 28, the formularies in this handbook show a good deal of continuity with earlier Aramaic traditions, but there is also a good deal that is novel. Some of these novelties are mere expansions of the existing clauses, using two or three synonymous verbs where earlier corpora used only one.

See Saggs 1968 and Wiseman 1968. Ashur, Tell Rimah, and Dunnu-ša-Uzibi are the only Middle Assyrian sites to have yielded any deeds of sale. Nonetheless, some of the archives discovered at other Middle Assyrian sites have yet to be published, and therefore this assessment is based on preliminary reports of their contents (see Pedersén 1998:80–103). 121 This archive, designated M9 by O. Pedersén, consists of 140 tablets mostly covering the years c. 1420–1300 BCE (see Pedersén 1985:1:89–99; 1998:86–87).

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