By Andrew Chesterman
Why is a raven like a writing-desk? the concept that of similarity lies on the center of this new booklet on contrastive research. Similarity decisions count in part on homes of the items being in comparison, and partially on what the individual judging considers to be appropriate to the review; similarity hence has either target and subjective points. the writer indicates how contrastive research and translation conception utilize the idea that in several methods, and explains the way it pertains to the complex notions of equivalence and tertium comparationis. The ebook then develops a meaning-based contrastive technique, and descriptions one thought of semantic constitution that are utilized in this system. The procedure is illustrated with 4 pattern stories masking other forms of phenomena in a few ecu languages. the ultimate a part of the publication proposes an extension of the theoretical framework to hide contrastive rhetoric: the purpose is to signify a unified method linking features of semantics, pragmatics and rhetoric.
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Additional info for Contrastive Functional Analysis
The focus of our experiments lies on how the quality of the solutions changes, as we vary the number of used parallel resources. To evaluate the average performance of the algorithms with respect to the parallelization parameter, for each data set each algorithm was run randomized 50 times and the mean and the standard deviation of the size of the cover was reported. If our initial hypothesis is correct, the average performance should go up (here: the size of the cover should go down) when more parallel resources are used.
Our tables show that increasing the number of noise features has resulted in slightly better results for a few datasets. As the increase appeared in only some experiments, this may not have statistical signiﬁcance. We intend to address this in future research. The processing time presented in all tables relates to a single run. The nondeterministic algorithms tended to have lower processing times; however, these were run 50 times. Table 1. Experiments with the iris and hepatitis datasets. The results are shown per row for the original iris dataset, with +2 and +4 noise features, and the original hepatitis dataset, with +10 and + 20 noise features.
We only consider very speciﬁc programs. For, we rely on cover functions and expression evaluation. For this reason, our approach is actually close to the Minimum Description Length principle . MDL is a principle to select a model from a given set of models. This is very much what we do. 1. There is actually more to comprehensibility than our note there. Clearly, by allowing any program, we can discover very rich structure. However, rich structure is not necessarily easy to grasp. What if computing the answer to a query takes a very long time?