Download Dangerous Language — Esperanto under Hitler and Stalin by Ulrich Lins (auth.) PDF

By Ulrich Lins (auth.)

This e-book examines the increase of the overseas language Esperanto, introduced in 1887 as a proposed way to nationwide conflicts and a route to a extra tolerant global. The chapters during this quantity chart the emergence of Esperanto as a solution to a frequent democratic wish for direct person-to-person foreign conversation despite political obstacles. Its early good fortune was once constrained, often end result of the Czarist regime's suspicion of direct communique with foreigners, and, later, related suspicion through dictatorial regimes mostly. As audio system of a "dangerous language," its adepts have been burdened and persecuted, in particular in Germany and the Soviet Union. This e-book argues that the destiny of Esperanto over the a hundred thirty years of its life serves as a barometer to degree the measure to which regimes tolerate spontaneous own touch with different nations and make allowance the pursuit of self-education outdoor prescribed nationwide or ideological constraints. This publication will attract a large readership, together with linguists, historians, political scientists and others drawn to the historical past of the 20th century from the weird standpoint of language. This quantity is complemented through the sister quantity harmful Language - Esperanto and the Decline of Stalinism which deals a focus at the chilly conflict heritage of Esperanto in japanese Europe.

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Extra info for Dangerous Language — Esperanto under Hitler and Stalin

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And among the first Esperantists in France was Gaston Moch, who in 1894 retired from the army to devote himself to the cause of peace, democracy and human rights. Even de Beaufront, generally regarded as a prototype of the purely practical Esperantist, declared himself ‘a strong supporter of ideas of peace’. But all his activities were characterized by efforts to avoid, at all costs, the confusion of Esperanto with pacifism. 70 If we look for reasons for the caution behind de Beaufront’s warnings, we can find them in the still recent memory (to which he alluded) of the fate of the journal Esperantisto in 1895 and the tense political climate prevailing in France in the years when the Esperanto movement was taking its first steps.

Likewise, another letter to Javal, 15 Aug. 1906, Orig II 1778. 96 1 The Emergence of Esperanto 29 required of Esperantists and that the Esperanto movement could therefore not be officially identified with such a doctrine. In June 1906, Zamenhof was shaken by news of a savage pogrom in his birthplace Białystok. Even so, at the insistent requests of Sebert and Javal, he gave up on even mentioning Homaranismo in his address to the Second World Congress, in Geneva. But, as of that year, he publicly advocated for a minimal agreement among the Esperantists on what ought to constitute the ideological basis of Esperanto.

91 Letter to Émile Javal, 24 Sept. 1905, Orig II 1601–2. N. Eisenstadt, Jewish Civilization: The Jewish Historical Experience in a Comparative Perspective, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1992. 92 Letter to Michaux, 5 Jan. 1905, Orig II 1420. 88 1 The Emergence of Esperanto 27 Fig. 1 Lazar Zamenhof, by Robert Kastor c. 1905. ’ would speak like ‘a Jewish prophet’93 nor foresaw the almost religious atmosphere that reigned in the congress. Even the Jewish Esperantists among the French tried to slow Zamenhof down; they felt little in common with the eastern Jews and, in any case, they were confident that, following the rehabilitation of Dreyfus in 1906, people would no longer dare to question their connection to the French nation.

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