Download Darius the Great by J. Poolos, Arthur Meier Schlesinger PDF

By J. Poolos, Arthur Meier Schlesinger

In historic historical past, Darius I stands on my own as an administrator with remarkable perception into the workings of an empire. below his management, the Persian Empire grew to become the biggest and strongest diplomatic and monetary strength on the planet. After he cleverly seized the throne and quelled a chain of revolts, Darius undertook an intensive reorganization of the several peoples who inhabited the Iranian Plateau, instituting the practices of spiritual tolerance, common fiscal reform, and a good method of legislations that might later be followed by way of the generations that him within the close to East and Europe. on the time of his demise in 486 BCE, he had reworked the whole center East right into a dominion of innovative govt. In ''Darius the Great'', learn the tale of his magnificent ascendance to the throne, his smart international relations, and the army error that marked his final position no longer as a conqueror, yet as a governor of the folk.

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Thus, the herders and the farmers traded goods with one another. As the nomadic herders’ move to water sources usually coincided with the harvest season, herders were able to trade animals for vegetables and for items manufactured by the sedentary people. These items included textiles, earthenware, metal objects, bridles and other leather goods, knives, and miscellaneous weapons. Most of the villages had small populations based on extended families. More common were walled cities, which had come into fashion over a number of centuries as villagers were drawn together for protection.

Ivory 49 50 darius the great came from Ethiopia, Sind, and Arachosia. Artists, too, were brought in to work in the medium in which they were expert. The woodworkers were Sardians and Egyptians. The bricklayers were Babylonians. The goldsmiths were either Medes or Egyptians. At Persepolis, the very floor plan of the palace reflects an Achaemenid organization and proportion. The detailed gold work is an exhibition of the high level of craftsmanship and artisanship of the time. Darius wanted the palace to reflect the importance of the empire and the very identity of its inhabi­ tants.

When Darius and his army reached Elam, the edge of Babylon, he sent a messenger into the city. The natives were so frightened at the sight of the king’s messenger, they chained their ruler and brought him to Darius, who had him killed. This was only a first step for his army since by this time Babylon was in full revolt. As soon as word about the death of Smerdis had reached the region, Nebuchadnezzar III, son of ­Nabu-­naid, the last independent monarch of Babylon, took command of an army in an attempt to reestablish independence.

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