By Kanti K. Mahajan
The layout of strategy apparatus, equivalent to shell-and-tube warmth exchangers, strain vessels, and garage tanks, calls for a familiarity with quite a few resources of layout facts and strategies. the aim of this publication is to consolidate the scattered literature and current the fabric in simplified shape in order that it may be simply utilized to layout difficulties. general examples were incorporated to demonstrate the applying of the relationships and techniques provided within the textual content. consequently, the clothier should still locate this publication to be a handy and helpful reference. The layout of technique gear includes eighty illustrations and tables.
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Extra info for Design of Process Equipment: Selected Topics - 2nd Ed.
1875): 1,02O270 in-lb Assurne t :43125 in. Calculating Other Stress Fsctors Normal bolt spacing will be greater than the actual bolt spacing, thus Cr = 1. 0. e independent flange. AN(;li Drisl(;N t. Calculating Slrcsscs Operating Condition \.. K. 500 psi o K. K. Fis. K Design a ring flange to be used on a 60 in. , A-240-TP304L ylinder designed for 140 psi at 425"F. The cylinder is I in. thick and no ,rrlrosion allowance is allowed. Assume TP-304jacketed asbestos filled |ilsket and use an A-105 flange with A-193-87 bolts.
From Fig. j5:5 in. K. 894 Similarly from Fig. 441 M:u21J(1):a1,se5 and from Fig. , should be taken from the low pressure dependent flange ifit results In greater value there because ofrib area or dilTerent gasket miterial. ln tf,i. c"se operadng condilion is controlling the gasket seating is of insignificant value_ "in""ir," However, wnen rwo matrng tianges are designed to hold a tubesh€€t between them with the sam€ pressurf oneachside ol the tub€sheet lhe llangeresullingin a grealer value of l,y-) due ro nD area or gasket materjal should be considered as the independenl flange and lhe other as the dependent flange.
N N P R and back of flange, in. Diameter at location of gasket load reaction, in. Hub length, in. Radial distance from bolt circle to circle on which llo acts, in. Radial distance from gasket load reaction to the bolt circle : (C - Total moment acting upon the flange for the gasket seating, in- lb Bolt circle diameter, in. Moment correction factor FL G Mo Inside diameter offlange, in. flanges E condition, in-lb Basic gasket seating width, in. temperalule, psl. Sy, Allowable stress for flange material at operating temperature' psr c Calculated longitudinal stress in hub, psi.