By Bogdan Mieczkowski (auth.), Bogdan Mieczkowski (eds.)
In the fast-growing East ecu economies, a parti cularly very important position falls to the shipping platforms which are referred to as upon to maneuver an ever-rising quantity of products and a con stantly expanding variety of passengers. Gaining new insights into the issues that face these delivery platforms, into their achievements, and into a few nonetheless unanswered questions is for this reason hugely fascinating and--in phrases of worldwide adventure --essential. The transportation platforms of jap Europe function inside a centrally deliberate setting, yet they serve dif ferent different types of economies, from hugely complicated East Germany and Czechoslovakia to the nonetheless industrializing Romania and Bulgaria. they must fulfill really assorted shipping wishes: they function inside platforms that experience followed various scales of political and financial priorities and diversified tools and types of reaching them politically--from the devoted Soviet shadow-state of East Germany to the indepen dence-seeking Romania and Yugoslavia and, economically, from the frequently strict authoritarian kind of Romania that seeks industrialization and kingdom strength to the hot fiscal Mechanism of Hungary and the decentralization of Yugoslavia. additionally, in contrast to the Soviet Union, the East ecu delivery sys tems disguise quite small territories whose exterior connec tions fluctuate from each other in scope and in modes. In addi tion, the delivery structures of japanese Europe were known as upon to complete feats of steeply emerging functionality with x infrastructures and kit supported by means of miserly allocations.
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Additional resources for East European Transport Regions and Modes
The project is a long-range one through the 1990s and, at its completion, the Vistula could take over the transport of coal and other materials for the home market. It would provide great relief for the Polish Railway cargo operations which are at present largely charged with the delivery of coal for the industry and energy consumption. It remains to be seen if the Vistula project will merit enough future financial support from the government to enable its planned completion. 5. Air Transport Polish air transport system, completely rebuilt from total devastation of World War II, plays but a small part in Polish domestic economy.
The Polish government thus did not actively support the auto industry, except for the Fiat license for small-scale assembly plant of passenger cars--"Po1ski Fiat"--and the much needed truck factories near Warsaw and in two other cities. The foreign passenger cars were subject to a heavy excise tax. Hence, little encouragement was given to the development of road traffic. The public road transport was divided into many 34 little companies which served mostly the major cities and their environments, while intercity or interregional road transport was small and underdeveloped.
It is now considered in the transport circles that such an ambitious plan of railroad development has been obviated by the rapid development of the road transport (Piskozub 1970:190-97). It has to be pointed out, however, that the basic outlines of that plan have been slowly implemented since 1949. The opponents of the vast investment in the new railroad network argue that it is far more economical to invest in modernization and electrification of the Polish Railways. This point of view is now being implemented, although some new railroad construction still goes on.