By Debra Skelton
Алекса́ндр Македо́нский (Александр III Великий, 356 — 323 гг. до н. э.) — македонский царь с 336 до н. э. из династии Аргеадов, великий полководец, создатель мировой державы, распавшейся после его смерти. В западной историографии более известен как Алекса́ндр Вели́кий.В 334 до н. э. Александр отправился в свой знаменитый поход в Азию, а было ему только 18 лет. Результатом похода явилось создание огромной империи, простиравшейся от реки Истр (совр. Дунай) в Европе до реки Ганг в Индии.
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Extra info for Empire of Alexander the Great
The other was named Bucephala, in honor of Alexander’s treasured warhorse, Bucephalas (see the box on page 41), who died at the ripe old age of 29, possibly during the battle. Both towns were near Haranpur, in the northern Punjab, northwest of what today is New Delhi, India’s capital. Turning Back During June and July, the army traveled through the Punjab (it means “land of five rivers”) region of India. The soldiers crossed four of the five rivers, and as they went, their difficulties worsened.
Like others, he was critical of Alexander’s policy of appointing Persians to high positions, and his adoption of Persian customs and dress. It is unclear exactly what became of Callisthenes after the squires’ murder plot was uncovered. He was arrested and some historians believe he was then put to death. Others believe that because he was Greek, the Macedonians could not legally try him. They think he was imprisoned and died of a disease some months after his arrest. , many of Alexander’s soldiers were beginning to turn against him.
They chose to ascend the steepest side of the rock so they would not be seen from the caves, but about 30 of the climbers—one in 10—fell to their deaths. When the remaining men reached the top, they waved the long strips of linen they had brought with them to signal their success. The mountaineers were unarmed because they had not been able to carry their heavy arms up on the dangerous climb. Oxyartes, however, was unaware of this. He saw only that some of Alexander’s men had succeeded in reaching the top of the rock, but had no idea how many nor what weapons they had.