By Barbara M. Birch
This booklet is a finished, myth-debunking exam of ways L1 gains (orthographic method, phonology, morphology) can effect English L2 studying on the ''bottom'' of the interpreting approach. It presents a radical yet very obtainable linguistic/psycholinguistic exam of the bottom degrees of the analyzing procedure. it's either theoretical and functional. even if the methodologies and ways taken in such a lot ESL/EFL texts approximately studying are top-down (cognition driven), and pay scant awareness to the ground of the examining technique, these distinctive during this e-book are language pushed. The target is to stability or complement (not change) top-down techniques and methodologies with potent low-level ideas for educating English examining. middle linguistic and psycholinguistic techniques are offered in the context in their software to instructing. English L2 analyzing: attending to the ground basically explains the concepts that readers of alternative languages improve according to their very own writing platforms (Chinese, jap, Arabic, Hebrew, different alphabets, or obvious Roman alphabetic structures) contrasted with an evidence of the innovations that English readers advance in accordance with the opaque orthography of English, and explicates how different low-level processing options for L1 morphology and notice formation may possibly reduction or prevent processing in English L2 studying acquisition. a whole, balanced examining ideology can be sufficiently big to embody all interpreting theories and practices. particularly, it may manage to accommodate these researchers and academics who locate that spotlight to the main points of language may also aid scholars discover ways to learn larger. Many ESL/EFL academics have an interest in supplementing their winning whole-language tools with bottom-up interpreting thoughts, yet are usually not definite find out how to do it. This ebook fills that hole. meant for ESL/EFL interpreting researchers, instructor running shoes and lecturers, and as a textual content for MATESOL scholars, such a lot chapters include useful feedback that lecturers can comprise into complete language how to train starting or intermediate ESL/EFL examining (letters, pronunciation, ''smart'' phonics, morphemes, and vocabulary acquisition) in a extra balanced means. Pre-reading dialogue and research questions are supplied to stimulate curiosity and increase comprehension. End-of-chapter workouts aid readers follow the suggestions.
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Extra resources for English L2 Reading: Getting to the Bottom
Each symbol is a unified whole; it cannot be broken down into smaller parts to represent the individual consonants and vowels. Once individual spoken words are segmented from the flow of speech, they can be broken up into syllables in a way that seems quite intuitive because they have beats or rhythms. Then the sound of each syllable can be represented with a written symbol and the conglomerate represents the word in written form. Syllabic writing is very sensible for a language like Japanese, in which there are relatively few different syllables which make up the words.
Writers wrote words however they were pronounced in that area (Millward, 1996). When England was conquered by the Norman French, French writers introduced some French writing conventions. They wrote words like right with a gh, where in Old English it had been riht. Furthermore, the /h/ ceased to be pronounced at all by the late 15th century, leaving us with two "silent" letters in words like right, night, and so on. English scholars who admired classical languages tried to improve English spelling by tracing words back to their origins and revealing the origins in the spelling: comptroller, debt, or sovereign.
Where Despina differs greatly from MariCarmen, however, is in her lack of knowledge of English letters. There is little overlap between the Greek alphabet and the English one. For Despina to become a good reader of English, she must learn to recognize English sounds quickly and accurately. She must read and write English selections which do not contain words that are unfamiliar to her. The crucial thing for Despina to learn, however, is the English alphabet: the letter shapes in various fonts and the correspondence between the letters and the sounds of English.