By Martin Kahanec, Klaus F. Zimmermann
Are immigrants from the hot ecu member states a possibility to the Western welfare nation? Do they take jobs clear of the natives? and should the resource international locations be afflicted by serious mind drain or demographic instability? In a well timed and remarkable contribution, this publication integrates what's recognized approximately post-enlargement migration and its results on ecu hard work markets. in accordance with rigorous research and difficult facts, it makes a resounding case that there's no facts that the post-enlargement hard work migrants may on mixture displace local employees or decrease their wages, or that they might be extra depending on welfare. whereas mind drain could be a drawback within the resource international locations, the expected mind circulate among ecu member states may perhaps actually support to resolve their demographic and financial difficulties, and enhance the allocative potency within the ecu. The lesson is apparent: unfastened migration is an answer instead of a foe for exertions marketplace woes and cash-strapped social protection platforms within the EU.
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Additional resources for EU Labor Markets After Post-Enlargement Migration
Declining job vacancy rates can be observed in all the time series after around 2007. 18 18 Note, however, that these are nominal values. 1. _pageid=1090,30070682,1090_30298591&_dad=portal&_sche ma=PORTAL Notes: The indicator employment growth gives the change in percentage from one year to another of the total number of employed persons on the economic territory of the country or the geographical area. The indicator is based on the European System of Accounts. _pageid=1090,30070682,1090_30298591&_dad=portal&_sche ma=PORTAL Notes: Seasonally adjusted.
Even if crowding out happened in certain sectors or occupations, aggregate data suggest that natives affected found new jobs elsewhere. Nor is there any evidence that this new labor is more dependent on welfare than the natives. Note, however, that the impacts may be different when disaggregating by local labor markets, sectors or skill groups. 40 Martin Kahanec, Anzelika Zaiceva and Klaus F. Zimmermann Concerning the new member states, the drain of mainly young and skilled people could pose some additional demographic challenges on countries experiencing significant outflows of people.
Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs, Occasional Paper No. 24. Brussels, 3 May 2006. European Commission (2008a), The Impact of Free Movement of Workers in the Context of EU Enlargement, Report on the first phase (1 January 2007 – 31 December 2008) of the Transitional Arrangements set out in the 2005 Accession Treaty and as requested according to the Transitional Arrangements set out in the 2003 Accession Treaty. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions.