Download Eugenic Feminism: Reproductive Nationalism in the United by Asha Nadkarni PDF

By Asha Nadkarni

Asha Nadkarni contends that each time feminists lay declare to citizenship in accordance with women’s organic skill to “reproduce the nation” they're partaking in a eugenic project—sanctioning replica through a few and prohibiting it by means of others. applying quite a lot of resources from the USA and India, Nadkarni exhibits how the exclusionary impulse of eugenics is embedded in the phrases of nationalist feminism.

Nadkarni finds connections among U.S. and Indian nationalist feminisms from the overdue 19th century throughout the Seventies, demonstrating that either demand feminist citizenship established at the reproductive physique because the foundation of the state. She juxtaposes U.S. and Indian feminists (and antifeminists) in provocative and efficient methods: Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s utopian novels

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S. S. feminism that measure their own freedom in contradistinction from various oppressed “other” women. 36 p e r f e c t i ng f e m i n i sm Primal Rapists and “Infuriated Virgins” Gilman’s 1900 work, Concerning Children, opens with a characteristic statement of her worldview: “According to our religious belief, the last, best work of God is the human race. According to the observation of biologists, the highest product of evolution is the human race. ”5 Blending religion and biology, Gilman argues that because humans are “the first class,” the continued evolution of the race is paramount to a religious duty.

This retreat is suggested by the increasingly isolationist underpinnings of her three utopian novels: her 1911 Moving the Mountain, 1915 Herland, and 1916 With Her in Ourland. I take up Gilman’s utopian writing to examine how utopian fiction, with its emphasis on creating ever more perfect worlds, reveals developmentalism’s eugenic impulse. If, as Dora Ahmad argues in her recent Landscapes of Hope, “utopian novels . . exhibit a perfect faith in developmentalism . . 4 Throughout Eugenic Feminism I will return to the interplay of utopia and eugenics, examining its mutation into the antidevelopmental, degenerative dystopia of Katherine Mayo’s Mother India in my third chapter, identifying it in Indian planning documents of the 1950s and 1960s in my fourth chapter, and investigating strains of utopian and dystopian thinking in representations of new reproductive technologies in my epilogue.

One way of understanding the relationship between eugenics and population control is to argue it is a simple matter of renaming—eugenics becomes tainted through its association with Nazism and thus must be refashioned as population control. S. ”77 At the same time, the very interest of eugenicists in “third world” development signifies a crucial difference between eugenics and population control; namely, the optic is no longer national but global as the United States becomes increasingly focused on population growth in poorer countries.

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