By Lynn Hankinson Nelson, Jack Nelson
As one of many preeminent philosophers of the 20 th century, W. V. Quine (1908–2000) made groundbreaking contributions to the philosophy of technology, mathematical good judgment, and the philosophy of language. This number of essays examines Quine's perspectives, fairly his holism and naturalism, for his or her worth (and their boundaries) to feminist theorizing today.
Some individuals to this quantity see Quine as significantly demanding uncomplicated tenets of the logico-empiricist culture within the philosophy of science—the analytic/synthetic contrast, verificationism, foundationalism—and settle for a variety of of his positions as power assets for feminist critique. different members regard Quine as an unrepentant empiricist and, in contrast to feminists who search to exploit or expand his arguments, they interpret his positions as some distance much less radical and extra complex.
In specific, critics and advocates of Quine's arguments that the philosophy of technological know-how might be "naturalized"—understood and pursued as an firm non-stop with the sciences proper—disagree deeply approximately no matter if the sort of naturalized philosophy is "philosophy enough." critical concerns at stake in those disagreements mirror present questions of precise curiosity to feminists and likewise bridge the analytic and postmodern traditions. They contain questions about no matter if and the way the philosophy of technology, as a kind of perform, is or could be normative in addition to questions in regards to the implications of Quine's philosophy of language for the transparency and balance of meaning.
In representing feminist philosophy centrally engaged with the analytic culture, this quantity is necessary not just for what it contributes to the certainty of Quine and naturalized epistemology but in addition for what it accomplishes in operating opposed to restrictive conceptions of where of feminism in the discipline.
Aside from the editors, the members are Kathryn Pyne Addelson, Louise M. Antony, Richmond Campbell, Lorraine Code, Jane Duran, Maureen Linker, Phyllis Rooney, and Paul A. Roth.
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Additional resources for Feminist Interpretations of W.V. Quine
It also reXects his doubts as early as 1936 that sentences of logic and mathematics are true by deWnition (Quine 1936). Both Wgure in the arguments of “Epistemology Naturalized” (Quine 1969a). In addition, Quine’s rejection of the analytic/synthetic distinction makes the alleged nonempirical status of the philosophy of science or epistemology a nonstarter. The opening pages of “Epistemology Naturalized” locate the sources of Quine’s arguments for naturalizing the philosophy of science in the failure in the Wrst half of the twentieth century to fulWll Hume’s mandate of showing that every truth can be accounted for either on the grounds of meanings (for logic and mathematics) or on the grounds of sensory experience (for empirical truths).
The project failed, on both the conceptual and doctrinal sides, Quine notes, because it turned out that mathematics does not reduce to “logic proper,” but only to set theory (70). This was a deep disappointment for two reasons. “The end truths, the axioms of set theory . . have less obviousness and certainty to recommend them than do most of the mathematical theorems we would derive from them. Moreover, we know from Gödel’s work that no consistent axiom system can cover mathematics even when we renounce self-evidence” (70).
Katz and from research in linguistics. Linker also maintains that a realist theory of meanings along the lines that Katz advocates—a theory that posits a realm of mind-independent sentences, senses, and sense relations—has signiWcant advantages over Quine’s denial of meanings. Among others, such a theory is able to explain data from linguistics that any viable theory of meaning must be able to explain and Quine’s account cannot. ” Moreover, Linker argues, the mind-independent objects that Wgure in Katz’s realist theory of meanings constitute an objective source of language use and an objective constraint on it.