By André Dorsman, Wim Westerman, Mehmet Baha Karan, Özgür Arslan
Energy construction and provide, in addition to sourcing and intake, have gotten evermore vital in a risky international. during this publication, realization is paid to standard strength concerns from a finance viewpoint. the subjects mentioned disguise markets, costs, rules and companies. a world team of authors from either academia and effort perform presents in twelve chapters a cutting-edge of the strength markets in a finance atmosphere. They accomplish that via discussing the present wisdom and providing empirical learn during this fast altering and constructing box. This publication is the 1st in a deliberate sequence on power at a excessive clinical point prepared via the Centre for strength and price matters (CEVI).
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Extra info for Financial Aspects in Energy: A European Perspective
According to their model, a score of 5 indicates the highest level of independence. , and Norway scored 5 and Germany, Denmark, Greece Netherlands and Spain got the lowest score (3). The comparative analysis of Larsen et al. (2006) on 16 European regulators found large differences with respect to formal independence as well as to regulatory practice. They concluded that European liberalization of the electricity market is young and, it is early to expect a definite model of the European independent regulator.
The emergence of China in the area of renewable energy has been impressive. In 2009, more wind capacity was installed in China than in any other country, and China also announced a huge domestic solar program (Ernst and Young 2010). Over the decade, Europe has remained a strong player in the renewable energy market, with six European countries in the top-ten of Ernst and Young’s “renewable energy country attractiveness index” (Ernst and Young 2010). 5 GW (representing 73% of total world capacity) (REN21 2009).
For example, all countries that have employed feed-in systems have over time adjusted the system to account for changing needs and new insights, either to increase its efficiency or to mitigate unwanted side-effects. For the investor, this flexibility will increase the uncertainty over the expected future cash flows. With too frequent policy changes, government support policies can be perceived as “stop-go” policies, and once investors’ confidence has been weakened or destroyed, it may take a long time to restore it.