By Franziska Bieri
Within the past due Nineties, numerous non-governmental companies (NGOs) targeted global recognition at the factor of clash diamonds which funded wars, vast dying, and refugee crises throughout significant and West Africa. a number of governments, NGOs, and key avid gamers engaged in negotiations below the so-called Kimberley procedure (KP). A voluntary worldwide contract got here into impression resulting in a considerable decline in illicit diamond exchange. regardless of its significance in foreign affairs, the KP continues to be understudied in academia. Franziska Bieri's e-book offers the 1st finished account of the KP and is the 1st to bare how NGOs became serious actors of their personal correct, owning the power to at once impression regulations and to take part within the choice making and the implementation of world agreements. In constructing this argument, Bieri explains: why the NGO crusade to elevate information used to be profitable; why a quick and complete solution on this kind of complicated international challenge was once attainable; and, how the tripartite negotiations among states, NGOs, and built throughout the implementation of the contract, that's an on-going technique. in keeping with wide own interviews with well known campaigners, best bureaucrats, and officers, hundreds and hundreds of KP courses, authentic UN records, information, and NGO stories, this well timed e-book makes it possible for a far wanted engagement in modern debates concerning the crusade opposed to clash diamonds, the Kimberley strategy, and the topics defining modern day international governance enviornment.
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Additional resources for From Blood Diamonds to the Kimberley Process: How NGOs Cleaned Up the Global Diamond Industry
Easy” Targets: De Beers and Antwerp A Rough Trade targeted De Beers, accusing it of buying conflict diamonds in violation of UNSC Res. 1173. Fittingly, A Rough Trade approached the issue of Angolan conflict diamonds squarely in terms of unethical and unacceptable corporate conduct rather than as an international or Angolan peace issue. The report portrayed De Beers as a company that was irresponsible, nontransparent, and unethical. In its accusations, Global Witness invoked global norms on business practices and shamed De Beers for not abiding by these modern business principles.
However, responses from the industry immediately following A Rough Trade were minimal. Neither De Beers nor the HRD (High Diamond Council), representing the Belgian diamond industry, reacted publicly to the accusations. My interviews indicate that the industry did not become engaged in the matter until later, after further developments in the UN. Ambassador Fowler, Targeted Angola Sanctions, and the UN Panel of Experts Global Witness was invited to an unofficial briefing at the United Nations Security Council in January, 1999.
Thus, while the link between diamonds and Angola provided important political opportunities in the UN, conflict-diamond links to Sierra Leone expanded those opportunities by getting the United States and Britain involved and by making the threat to the industry of expanding public attention more credible – even though media coverage of conflict diamonds lagged behind political efforts unfolding in this stage. Several factors made Sierra Leone a better “candidate” for putting conflict diamonds on the agenda of several states.