By Suzanne J. Kessler
Kessler and McKenna convincingly argue that gender isn't a mirrored image of organic truth yet relatively a social build that varies throughout cultures. helpful for its insights into gender, its broad remedy of transsexualism, and its ethnomethodological process, Gender experiences and evaluations info from biology, anthropology, sociology, and psychology.
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Extra resources for Gender: An Ethnomethodological Approach
H ow ever, there are tw o h ypotheses about the relationship betw een gender chrom osom es and gender differences in general. The L yon h yp oth esis (Lyon, 1962) states that in fem ales one o f the tw o X chrom osom es in each cell becom es in active early in fetal life. This process protects genetic fem ales from m any recessive gender-linked disorders. For exam ple, hem o philia is a disorder carried b y a gene on the X chrom osom e. W hen only one o f the tw o X chrom osom es carries this gene, not all cells in the p erson ’s body w ill contain this chrom osom e as the active one.
R ichards attem pted to com pete in w om en's tennis. A s a result, the W om en ’s Tennis A ssociation requested that chrom osom e “ sex tests” be instituted fo r fem ale p layers. It m ust be a chrom osom e test, because Dr. Richards (and others like her) w ould “ p ass" a p h ysica l exam ination but undoubt ed ly “ fa il” a chrom osom e test, since she has X Y chrom osom es. W h y has there been such concern w ith elim inating her from playing w om en ’s tennis? The A sso cia tio n ’s contention is that m en h ave an u nfair advantage over w om en because o f their strength.
Chrom osom es and G ender Role. Th ere is no evidence linking gender chrom osom es to any specific behavior. H ow ever, there are tw o h ypotheses about the relationship betw een gender chrom osom es and gender differences in general. The L yon h yp oth esis (Lyon, 1962) states that in fem ales one o f the tw o X chrom osom es in each cell becom es in active early in fetal life. This process protects genetic fem ales from m any recessive gender-linked disorders. For exam ple, hem o philia is a disorder carried b y a gene on the X chrom osom e.