Download Going Local: Decentralization, Democratization, and the by Merilee S. Grindle PDF

By Merilee S. Grindle

Many constructing nations have a historical past of hugely centralized governments. because the past due Nineteen Eighties, a good number of those governments have brought decentralization to extend democracy and increase providers, in particular in small groups faraway from capital towns. In Going Local, an unparalleled learn of the consequences of decentralization on thirty Mexican municipalities, Merilee Grindle describes how neighborhood governments reply once they are assigned new duties and assets lower than decentralization regulations. She explains why decentralization ends up in higher neighborhood governments in a few cases--and why it fails to in others.

Combining quantitative and qualitative tools, Grindle examines info in line with a random pattern of Mexican municipalities--and ventures into city halls to stick with public officers as they search to control a number of projects amid conflicting pressures and new expectancies. Decentralization, she discovers, is a double-edged sword. whereas it permits public leaders to make major reforms fast, institutional weaknesses undermine the sturdiness of switch, and legacies of the previous proceed to impact how public difficulties are addressed. voters take part, yet they're extra winning at extracting assets from executive than in preserving neighborhood officers and enterprises chargeable for their activities. the advantages of decentralization usually envisioned by means of economists, political scientists, and administration experts usually are not inevitable, she argues. relatively, they're strongly prompted by way of the standard of neighborhood management and politics.

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Extra resources for Going Local: Decentralization, Democratization, and the Promise of Good Governance

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To what extent did it make a change in the way the public’s business was carried out in thirty municipalities in Mexico? Evidence of the introduction of new capacity-building tools and organizational changes was widespread. Almost everywhere, computers managed information and provided officials with new administrative tools; training courses were ubiquitous; more educated people were appointed to public office; and reorganization was a common exercise when new administrations came to office. Many officials spoke of the need to improve the efficiency of local government, and some were conversant with the principles of the New Public Management.

24 Also under Salinas, a national social fund program, PRONASOL, was introduced in early 1989. This program was an important way in which the president sought to reassert presidential power and increase the popularity of the regime. 25 In practice, PRONASOL had a paradoxical impact on local governments. 26 This emphasized the president’s personal commitment to the program, but also skirted national and state bureaucracies and the traditional role of the PRI in the allocation of government resources.

State and local elections for governors, state legislators, mayors, and municipal councilors showed a dramatic shift toward greater pluralism. Through such political advances, in 2000, an opposition party replaced the PRI at the national level, after seventy-one years of uninterrupted rule. This chapter traces Mexico’s journey toward decentralization and greater autonomy for subnational governments, with particular concern for ways in which national policies affected the power and resources of municipal governments.

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