By Pierre Antoine Gioan
From greater than a decade, tertiary schooling in Francophone African international locations is dealing with a deep quandary whose starting place in general comes from a turning out to be disequilibrium among wanted potential to make sure the standard of tertiary schooling and to be had assets. This ebook goals at explaining why and the way this actual state of affairs exists in lots of the francophone African international locations; making a choice on stipulations permitting a improvement of tertiary schooling structures financially sustainable; and featuring instruments and ideas to enhance the sphere s financing whereas making sure its caliber.
Read or Download Higher Education in Francophone Africa: What Tools Can Be Used to Support Financially Sustainable Policies? (World Bank Working Papers) PDF
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Extra resources for Higher Education in Francophone Africa: What Tools Can Be Used to Support Financially Sustainable Policies? (World Bank Working Papers)
7 External Aid The mobilization of external aid, particularly through the technical and financial partners (TFP), would be facilitated by the introduction of a realistic medium-term policy that is both relevant and financially sustainable and the provision of adequate guarantees with regard to the long-term management of potential investments (adequate maintenance budgets, for example). This external support can, however, only provide additional resources and should target particular areas that will have a spill-over effect with regard to the overall improvement of the system and could encourage and support long term structural reforms.
With no legal quotas to limit the number of recipients, the criteria used make it impossible, in many cases, to stay within the corresponding budget allowance. Regulations must therefore be reviewed (as in Côte d’Ivoire), to mitigate the risks of further budget slippages each year and increased pressure on the higher education budget for more scholarships and other financial aid. Depending on the level to which the state is willing to help the most disadvantaged students and to steer students toward its most important requirements, it should be possible to determine yearly quotas.
In most countries in the world, the level of scholarships awarded each year is strictly limited according to budgetary capacity and is based on the perception of equality that prevails within their policies. Recipients are selected: i) according to merit (for example, those that achieved the best results in the examination at the end of secondary school or in admission tests for higher education); ii) according to economic or social situation; or iii) based on a combination of selection according to merit and criteria or quotas relating to the student’s economic or social situation or the fact that he or she belongs to a disadvantaged or discriminated group.