By Professor John Barrett, Richard J. Bradley, Martin T. Green
Cranborne Chase, in primary southern England, is the realm the place British box archaeology built in its smooth shape. the positioning of basic Pitt Rivers' pioneering excavations within the 19th century, Cranborne Chase additionally presents a microcosm of almost all of the significant different types of filed monument found in southern England as a complete. a lot of the archaeological fabric has happily survived, supplying the fullest chronological conceal of any a part of the prehistoric British panorama. Martin eco-friendly begun operating during this area in 1968 and used to be joined through John Barrett and Richard Bradley in 1977 for a fuller programme of survey and excavation that lasted for almost ten years. during this vital examine, they observe the various questions in prehistory to 1 of the 1st areas of the rustic to be studied in such element. The booklet is a neighborhood research of long term swap in British prehistory, and encompasses a detailed selection of facts. A landmark within the archaeological literature, will probably be crucial interpreting for college kids and students of British prehistory and social and old geography, and likewise for all these concerned with archaeological equipment.
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Additional info for Landscape, Monuments and Society: The Prehistory of Cranborne Chase
These come from five locations, including The Earlier Neolithic I A I 1-5 Leaf-shaped Arrowheads | ^ | Over 5 Leaf-shaped Arrowheads | • | Long Barrow | (8) | U Ditched Long Barrow | ' "] Clay with Flints I I Reading Beds H kilometres Fig. 4 The distribution of Earlier Neolithicflintworkand monuments in the study area 33 THE EARLIER NEOLITHIC Distribution of Leaf-shaped Arrowheads, etc in Bournemouth Area I • | 1-5 Leaf-shaped Arrowheads Alluvium | # | 6-10 Leaf-shaped Arrowheads Gravel | ^ I 11-25 Leaf-shaped Arrowheads Clay I ^ I Long Barrow (Holdenhurst) Sand I A I Hembury Ware Chalk and Limestone kilometres Fig.
This could have taken place during the interval between the use of the downland by hunter-gatherers and its re-use in the Neolithic period. 4 The Earlier Neolithic: the evidence of domestic activity The monuments of the downland have played such a prominent part in the development of Neolithic studies that it is worth reminding ourselves how few of them can be dated to the early part of this period. There is little archaeological material of any kind between 4000 be and 3300 be, but in southern England developments on the higher ground seem to be even longer retarded.
At the same time, the first evidence for contrasts between the chalk and the clay with flints appears in the Middle Bronze Age, although faunal samples of earlier date were not available from the latter area. That contrast gains added definition in the Iron Age, with a greater representation of deer and pig on the clay with flints site at Woodcutts and a much higher proportion of sheep on two sites on the Upper Chalk. These observations are enough to suggest that the character of the chalkland may have changed by the first millennium be.