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By Benjamin W. Fortson IV

This publication includes linguistic case-studies of chosen gains of the language and meter of Plautus. those phenomena are investigated for the sunshine they could shed at the prosodic association of Latin speech and the intersection among prosodic phonology and syntax; a few also are put in a broader comparative-historical context. subject matters mentioned comprise Meyer´s and Luchs´s legislation, break up resolutions, contraction of est (""is""), enjambement, iambic shortening, and the pragmatic results at the rhythmic association of words.

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Extra info for Language and Rhythm in Plautus: Synchronic and Diachronic Studies (Sozomena Studies in the Recovery of Ancient Texts - Vol. 3)

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28 A measure (also called a metron or dipody; I shall be using the terms interchangeably) consisted of two iambic feet. It will be convenient, following Handley (1965, 57) and the modifications of Gratwick (1986, 19 and 1993, 56),29 to consider the senarius and all but the first three positions of the septenarius as consisting of three measures of four positions each, and to label the positions of each measure alphabetically as A B C D. 30 A light syllable is represented by the relevant lower27 Note that the similarities between these two meters are apparent only when going from right to left, a common property of phonological systems, but perhaps not so ordinary for metrical systems.

G. from trimeter to senarius), while it certainly reflects a change in descriptive analysis, does not necessarily imply a change in the nature of the meter; this was already pointed out by Lindsay (1922, 13). 33 32 This is Jacobsohns Law, treated in detail in Ch. 4. 33 This is not to imply that Roman practice was identical to Greek. There are numerous differences: in gross terms, the Greek iambic trimeter was more clearly Chapter Two: Plautine Iambo-Trochaics 29 So much for the senarius and trochaic septenarius; we must now turn to the third common iambo-trochaic meter, the iambic septenarius.

40 not behave the same as phonological words (discussion of which follows in various sections of this book). 40 Editors generally indicate the ictus with an acute accent over the relevant syllable, but vary quite a bit as to how often they indicate it. In Leos and Lindsays editions, ictus marks are provided in iambo-trochaic meters as sparingly as possible—only to alert the reader to a scansional irregularity. Both the “large” and “small” Teubner editions of Loewe, Goetz and Schoell, however, regularly mark every odd-numbered ictus of a line.

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