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By William David Thomas

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Carve Mount Rushmore. His son finished the Mount Rushmore project and became the first superintendent of the memorial. It cost $990,000. Most of the money came from the government; $154,000 came from private donations. The largest single contributor was Gutzon Borglum himself. He once wrote, “Too little of it [civilization] lasts into tomorrow…. indd 36 8/10/09 8:58 PM H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H “IT LOOKS VERY WELL” H H H H H H H H H H H H H H This photo taken from an airplane shows the Mount Rushmore sculpture shortly before it was completed in October 1941.

41 Creation of Mount Rushmore sculptures 22–23, 24, 25; ill. 21 bumping 30 design, changes in 28, 29 eyes, carving of 32 final stage of 35 preparations for 19, 20 Custer, George Armstrong 11, 41 Custer State Park (South Dakota) 43; map 40 Deadwood (South Dakota) 11, 43; map 40 Declaration of Independence 9, 25 Dedication ceremonies 27, 30, 35 Dimensions of Mount Rushmore sculptures 4, 5, 32; ill. 6 Drillers 28, 35; ill. 23 Dynamite 20, 22, 24, 27 Emancipation Proclamation 31 Equipment and tools (Mount Rushmore construction) 22, 29, 30, 39 Fur trappers 10–11 Gold mines 6, 11, 12, 43 Grand Terrace (Mount Rushmore) 38, 39, 40; map 40 Granite 16, 29 Great Depression 28 Hall of Records 32, 35 Harney Range (South Dakota) 14 Heritage Village (Mount Rushmore) 39 47 8/27/09 9:53:54 AM Index H H H H H H H H H H Hickok, James Butler (Wild Bill) 43 Jackhammers 19, 23 Jefferson, Thomas 9, 25 Jewel Cave National Monument (South Dakota) 43; map 40 Keystone (South Carolina) 19 Lincoln, Abraham 9, 31 Location of Mount Rushmore 4, 6; map 7 Louisiana Purchase 9, 25; map 24 Maintenance of monument 36; ill.

They also did much of the final bumping on the other figures. On March 6, 1941, Gutzon Borglum died. That summer, Lincoln Borglum directed the final work on the mountain. Roosevelt’s face, Jefferson’s coat collar, and Lincoln’s beard were completed. Then the sheds on top of the mountain were torn down. All the machinery was removed. The tram was taken apart. The monument was declared complete on October 31. Lincoln Borglum’s final report to the Park Service was made in November. He wrote, “I do not think any more…should be done on [the] figures of the Memorial.

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