By Marvin L. Deviney and Thomas M. O'Grady (Eds.)
content material: Manufacture of commercial carbons from petroleum uncooked fabrics / Charles A. Stokes --
Petroleum dependent carbon / Charles L. Mantell --
houses of cokes produced within the flexicoking procedure / W.J. Metrailer, R.C. Royle, and G.C. Lahn --
features of petroleum cokes compatible for production of carbon black / William W. Gotshall --
what's petroleum pitch? / John W. Newman --
Characterization of petroleum pitches used for coke construction / W.E. Smith, B. Napier, and O.J. Horne --
energetic carbon can so be made from petroleum / Henry C. Messman --
research of speeded up and common getting older of impregnated charcoals / William S. Magee, Jr. --
Carbon fabrics in huge quantity functions / Erle I. Shobert, II --
Laboratory and plant functionality of petroleum pitch / J.W. Pendley and V.L. Bullough --
Machine-fabricated carbon and graphite / Donald E. Corah and John C. Davidson --
Graphites made of eco-friendly petroleum pitch cokes / O.J. Horne and C.R. Kennedy --
strain carbonization of petroleum pitches / R.L. Burns and J.L. cook dinner --
complicated excessive strain graphite processing know-how / William Chard, Michael Conaway, and Dale Niesz --
Structural characterization of graphitic cokes and the goods thereof / W. Bradshaw and V. Mamone --
Graphites for thermostructural program / C.A. Pratt, Jr. --
Formation of carbon-carbon composite fabrics through pyrolytic infiltration / J.J. Gebhardt, E.R. Stover, W. Mueller, and J. Yodsnukis --
elements affecting the constitution and houses of pyrolytic carbons / C.F. Cullis --
Carbon in prosthetic units / J.C. Bokros, R.J. Akins, H.S. Shim, A.D. Haubold, and N.K. Agarwal --
Mesophase : the precursor to graphitizable carbon / Harry Marsh and Christopher Cornford --
Mesophase mechanisms within the formation of the microstructure of petroleum coke / J.L. White --
excessive modulus carbon fiber approaches / R.J. Diefendorf --
contemporary advancements in carbon fiber remedies / Pierre Ehrburger, Jean-Jacques Herque, and Jean-Baptiste Donnet --
Mechanism of nucleation and development of carbon black / J. Lahaye and G. Prado --
function of acetylenic species in carbon formation / C.F. Cullis --
Microstructure and morphology of carbon blacks / L.L. Ban and W.M. Hess --
evaluation of electric and thermal homes of carbon and graphite / John A. Woollam --
adjustments of electric resistivity of graphite fibers with nitration / F. Lincoln Vogel and R'Sue Popowich --
loose provider plasma in graphite compounds / John E. Fischer, Thomas E. Thompson, and F. Lincoln Vogel --
influence of carbon reactivity at the operation of carbon reductants within the iron blast furnace : a comparative examine by way of reflectance microscopy / Robert T. Joseph and William F. Berry --
Comparision of evolution of heteroatoms from coal and petroleum established electrode cokes / Geoffrey M. Kimber and M. David Gray.
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Additional info for Petroleum Derived Carbons
Flexicoking Process 39 one vessel to another. In the reactor, steam i s injected into the bottom of the reactor to fluidize the solids and coke i s circulated to and from the heater to maintain the reactor at 925-1000°F. Residuum feed i s sprayed into the fluidized bed where i t i s cracked to form light hydrocarbons that pass overhead and are recovered i n conventional fractionating equipment. The coke formed i s deposited on the external surface of the "seed" coke i n the f l u i d bed. The deposited coke causes the particle size of the seed coke to increase and, as i n Fluid Coking (3), internal a t t r i t i o n i s supplied i n the system to maintain a fluidizable particle size range.
ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1976. 4 11. R. ; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1976. 1 2 1 2. MANTELL Petroleum Based Carbon 33 trades, searchlight carbons, brushes and contacts, are estimated to consume 25 to 50,000 tons of petroleum coke annually. Carbon black has long been the preferred reinforcing agent for rubber in automotive tires and mechanical rubber goods. Originally it was made by restricted combustion of cheap natural gas.
Electron probe analyses of a cross-section of a coke particle obtained from operations i n the 2 B/D FLEXICOKER p i l o t plant (shown i n Figure 4) confirm that the desulfurization i s occurring on the layers of the ne coke Thi operatio started with "seed" coke containing 5. shown was taken, the uni operate g enoug place a l l of this "seed" coke from the system. The core of the coke particle had undergone l i t t l e or no desulfurization. 2 wt. % sulfur. 6 wt. 0 wt. % sulfur i n normal Fluid Coking.