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By Philip A. Stadter

Those essays, through specialists within the box from 5 international locations, study Plutarch's interpretative and creative reshaping of his old assets in consultant lives. assorted essays deal with literary components reminiscent of the parallelism which renders a couple of lives a unit or the topics which unify the lives. Others contemplate the choosing, combining, simplifying, and enlarging hired in composition. the development of a Plutarchian existence, the essays show, required cautious choice and inventive transforming of the ancient fabric on hand.

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Many have criticized Plutarch for the crudity of the analysis, especially Frost 1964, at 386–92, Breebart 1971, at 267–9, Andrewes 1978, at 1–5: they generally explain this as a consequence either of Plutarch’s sourcematerial (cf. g. Ath. Pol. 2) or of the influence of conditions of his own day. (On this second possibility cf. ) Both considerations may indeed have played a part. But we also need to explain why this analysis, when compared with Plutarch’s other Lives of the period, is both unusually insistent and unusually crude.

2:257–74. ——1990. ‘Truth and Fiction in Plutarch’s Lives’. In Antonine Literature, ed. Russell, 19–52. Oxford. E. 1948. ‘The Case against Alcibiades’. TAPA 79:191–210. ——1955. ‘Theopompus on Hyberbolos’. Phoenix 9:122–6. de. 1988. ‘Plutarch and Thucydides, or the Free Use of Quotations’. Phoenix 42:22–34. A. 1963. ‘Plutarch’s Life of Coriolanus’. JRS 53:21–8. ——1966. ‘Plutarch, Alcibiades I–XVI’. PCPS 12:37–47. S. 1990. Diodorus and the First Century. Princeton. Siemon, O. 1881. Quo modo Plutarchus Thucydidem legerit.

Plutarch wants to develop, precisely, the contrast between the two sides, the side where Pericles naturally belonged and the side where he unnaturally found himself: the basically sound conservatives and the basically unsound demos and demagogues. The temptation to present the contrast in as sharp and polarized a manner as possible was hard to resist;41 and in 7–14 we duly see the polarity at its starkest, for that is where Pericles finds himself with the demagogues, where he does not belong. 43 That harmonious combination seems all the more striking for the lack of qualification with which the polarity had earlier been presented.

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